Today launch of “Reimagining our futures together: A new social contract for education” is a milestone report for the futures of all people aiming at an equal world on our planet dealing with the challenges humanity is facing such as the climate and the resources and more. .
UNESCO Live event web cast today 10 November 2021:
OER Global Logo by Jonathas Mello is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
During Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games ongoing today it is the Hiroshima Memorial Day – The legacy of Hiroshima Memorial Day serves as Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombing in 1945 -76 years ago – a reminder of nuclear warfare left for humankind – urging end to nuclear deterrence?
UN Secretary-General António Guterres: “The only guarantee against the use of nuclear weapons is their total elimination”, he said in a video message to the Hiroshima Peace Memorial in Japan, held on Friday morning, local time” (UN News 5 August 2021).
“The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945, respectively. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians” (Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Wikipedia).
Painful memories of war and postwar rebuilding.
The Asahi Shimbun newspaper and Reuter writes about the games today (6 August 2021) that the organizer International Olympic Committee (IOC) has no plan to mark the moment of silence today a rejection of Hiroshima’s request to honor victims.
During the 1964 Summer Olympics the Japanese women’s volleyball team won the gold medal, with the final being broadcast live – restoring the faith of the peaceful Japan’s people in the painful memories of war and postwar rebuilding. The volleyball team was nicknamed of Nichibo Kaizuka, Oriental Witches.
There is a discourse over their coach Hirofumi Daimatsu a Japanese a military war veteran, a platoon commander in the Imperial Japanese Army in China during WW2 pressing the team to sacrifice everything for the state, coach known as the “demon,” for his brutal methods.
Youtube: Japan Win First Ever Women’s Volleyball Gold – Tokyo 1964 Olympics
Hiroshima mon amour a 1959 French New Wave romantic drama film directed by French film director Alain Resnais with a screenplay by Marguerite Duras a co-production by companies from both Japan and France. The plot is nonlinear conversations between a French actress, Elle (which means “She”), and a Japanese architect, Lui (which means “Him”). Both character having memories of the war, Elle from France and Lui from Japan.
The film jumps between events in the present with Him and She and documentary film clips usually from Hiroshima but also film clips from her youth in France film leaps (Bordwell / Thompson, 2010, page 413). The film has the structure of the art film with Gaps – gaps in the narrative.
The film’s modernist narration is self-reflective (the viewer is invited to reflect).
Marguerite Duras has built her script for the film as a musical duet with a male and a female voice intertwined across the image offscreen. Often the spectator does not know if it is real dialogues, fanatical dialogues or is a commentator voice of the actors sound track (Bordwell / Thompson, 2010, page 413).
The film’s fragmented structure is reminiscent of Marguerite Duras’ connection to the literary movement The New Novel (fr., Le Nouveau Roman) where style and form are at the center and avoid classic narration to focus on the details of things in the world – completely de-dramatized. Duras also examined “feminine modernism.” – “Her slow, laconic style, with the help of static images and minimal dialogue, seeks a distinctly feminine use of language” (Bordwell / Thompson, 2010: 577).
And one can think of literary influences as Proust’s In Search of Lost Time where memory episodes play an important role. Postwar modernism wanted to be more true to life than classic filmmakers had been. The filmmakers could perhaps seek to reveal unpleasant realities such as the horrors of fascism, and war and occupation (Bordwell / Thompson, 2010, p. 328).
The purpose of the film’s modern storytelling is the question of whether it is better to remember or forget a tragedy? As She and He recall the trauma of the past, they have a chance to reconcile with themselves and renew their lives in the future at the open end of the film.
Duras introduces a stylistic poetic concretisation in the sound of dialogue as competing with the image. The dialogue has musical properties and begins to take shape on a level that is sensory rather than semantic. Some of the most memorable aspects of the film are the actor’s voices reading the script and the rhythmic patterns of repetition and opposition within the dialogue, through which some of the film’s central themes develop. These effects are embedded in the script, which also provides detailed instructions on what tone the script should be read (Davies 2010: 13-14).
The composer of the film music was Giovanni Fusco who worked a lot with Antonioni. A possible association with the form and style of rosy Italian neorealism where it exists, including a sweeping musical score that is reminiscent of how opera phonetically places music as the basis for a stage’s emotional development (Bordwell & Thompson 2010: 333).
The character development is the driving force in the film and can be seen in the plot with the dialogue between Him and Her. 15:41 into the film, she sees the sleeping Japanese man’s hand and gets subjective evocations that are strong anxiety (emotional high point) dramatic, from her memory of her German lover’s hand when he lies dead on the ground. She seems to have difficulty distinguishing between her current lover in Japan and her lover in the past in Germany.
The film climaxes, the climax of the conflict and change becomes when She says “I want to forget you” (fr., Je t’oublierai! Je t’oublierai!) But She quickly changes to “Yes you are Hiroshima!” and She gets the obvious answer that “You are Nevers“. The film ends not only with an open end but with a new possible future. Naming things gives a sense of control and an interpretation a possible experienced catharsis.
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Wikipedia
Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games -News
UN News 5 August 2021: Hiroshima memorial: UN chief laments slow progress on nuclear-free goal
Film: Hiroshima mon amour (1959) Wikipedia
Bordwell, David & Kristin Thompson (2010), Film History: An Introduction, McGraw-Hill: New York.
Davies, Rosamund (2010), Screenwriting strategies in Marguerite Duras’s script for ‘Hiroshima, Mon
Amour’ (1960). London: Greenwich Academic Literature Archive.
Oriental Witches Wikipedia
Iwona Merklejn (2014) The taming of the witch: Daimatsu Hirobumi and coaching discourses of women’s volleyball in Japan, Asia Pacific Journal of Sport and Social Science, 3:2, 115-129, DOI: 10.1080/21640599.2014.924692
IOC has no plan to mark moment of silence on Hiroshima anniversary
Robert Whiting (Oct 21, 2014), Witches of the Orient’ symbolized Japan’s fortitude, Japan Times
(Coach) Hirofumi Daimatsu Wikipedia
Hirofumi Daimatsu in the International Volleyball Hall of Fame
1964 Summer Olympics
Volleyball at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Women’s tournament
The Asahi Shimbun: Hiroshima stung by refusal to honor A-bomb victims at Games
Japan Times: Hiroshima marks 76th atomic bomb anniversary, urging end to nuclear deterrence
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum Wikipedia
Hiroshima Peace Memorial
Image a the top from WikiMedia: File:Oriental Witches, volleyball at the 1964 Summer Olympics.jpg
“Today is the “International Holocaust Remembrance Day – an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the end of tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the deaths of 6 million Jews and 11 million others.” Wikipedia
Portrait: Dr Irene Hasenberg Butter a Holocaust survivor
“Born in Berlin in 1930, Irene Butter endured the horrors of the Holocaust as a Jewish child coming of age in Nazi-occupied Europe. As the world pauses to remember the genocide that killed millions of Jews, Butter tells CNN’s Clarissa Ward that we must stay vigilant to preserve democratic institutions amid emerging ‘echoes’ of the Holocaust”
‘echoes of the Holocaust‘ – the storming of the United States Capitol 2021. Butter describes the storming of the United States Capitol 6 January 2021 as an attempted coup (Coup d’état) that ‘echoes’ of the Holocaust where she mentions that many participants wearing nazi symbols.
“What happened in Washington, DC, on January 6, 2021, was an attempted coup of our government and an unraveling of the democracy that protects all of our rights. I saw a T-shirt with the words “Camp Auschwitz,” as well as other anti-Semitic symbols and slogans used by the rioters.”
Butter, Irene 26 January 2021, “I witnessed the rise of Nazism firsthand. We must act now to protect American democracy” CNN: Atlanta. https://edition.cnn.com/2021/01/26/opinions/holocaust-fascism-un-capitol-riots-butter/index.html
Irene Butter’s first person Holocaust memoir, Shores Beyond Shores (2019)
“They are taken to Nazi-controlled prison camps and finally to Bergen-Belsen, where Irene is a fellow prisoner with Anne Frank.”
2021 storming of the United States Capitol
International Holocaust Remembrance Day
Today, “It’s only November, yet 2020 is the deadliest year on record for the transgender community.”
“When the Transgender Day of Remembrance first began, trans people were nameless victims in many cases,” Smith wrote in 2014 for The Advocate.
“Our killers would do their best to erase our existence from the world. And law enforcement, the media, and others would continue the job.“
In Sweden, transgender people are also being murdered in contemporary society, but this can not always be proven as a hate crime the Public Prosecutor’s Office express even if Nazism is involved. In the news articles is not always told that the victime was a transgender person. Read more bellow.
For Trans People Worldwide, The Last Year Was One of the Deadliest on Record. But the Community Has a Long History of Resilience
350 trans and gender-diverse people reported murdered in the last year
Transgender Day of Remembrance (TDOR) is an annual observance on November 20 that honors the memory of the transgender people whose lives were lost in acts of anti-transgender violence
Transgender Day of Remembrance was founded in 1999 by Gwendolyn Ann Smith, a transgender woman, to memorialize the murder of transgender woman Rita Hester in Allston, Massachusetts. It has slowly evolved from the web-based project started by Smith into an international day of action. In 2010, TDoR was observed in over 185 cities throughout more than 20 countries.
Trans Day of Remembrance 2020:
Fighting for our futures “Day after day, trans people around the world fight for our human rights and social justice. Year after year, we demand that trans people are protected from violence. We demand that our human rights are respected. We demand our right to live.”
Transgender Day Of Remembrance 2020: Murdered, Suffocated And Burned Alive – 350 Transgender People Killed In 2020
It is not always told in articles that it was a crime against a trans person who was murdered as in this series of articles by SVT and SR:
SVT (31 May 2017) Another person convicted of murdering 61-year-old woman in Långshyttan
SR (28 August 2017) No new trial on the murder in Långshyttan
SVT (February 10, 2017) The Långhytte Murder: Ten convicted after the brutal murder
SVT (December 22, 2016) The lawyer: “Like a British detective story”
While other articles tells about Nazism in the case
Dalademokraten (6 Feb 2017) Main characters in the Långshytt murder went in the Nazi march in Borlänge
“This is Nazi NMR – The Nazi Nordic Resistance Movement is, according to Säpo, the biggest threat, within the white power environment, to Sweden’s internal security.”
Aftonbladet (10 February 2017) The murder in Långshyttan is not a hate crime
“NMR, which is considered by Säpo to be the right-wing extremist organization that constitutes the greatest threat to Sweden’s internal security, is a party that through revolution wants to create a Nordic National Socialist republic. The organization has also called for violence against LGBTQ people.”
All sources [Accessed 20/11/2020].
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Maintain at least a 1-metre distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection when they cough, sneeze or speak. Maintain an even greater distance between yourself and others when indoors. The further away, the better. Make wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public (2020)
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Wallenberg Square Stockholm Sweden. Turn on the memory light candles
75 years ago: – 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration camp, was liberated by the Red Army.
Today is the “International Holocaust Remembrance Day – an international memorial day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the deaths of 6 million Jews and 11 million others.”
TIME: Monday 27 January 2020 kl. 18:00–19:15 UTC+01(Stockholm).
MEMORIAL CEREMONY: Great Synagogue.
Location: Great Synagogue/ Judiska församlingen i Stockholm
Wahrendorffsgatan 3 B, 103 91 Stockholm.
Yesterday on the 26 January – Emerich Roth, 95 years old, an Holocaust survivor and a witness – held a lecture at the New Jewish Museum, in Stockholm’s oldest synagogue.
Emerich Roth: – “A generation without historical knowledge is without a chance to avoid repeating history.”
“Roth was an inmate in five different concentration camps, and only he and his sister Elisabeth survived. After the war, Emerich was in bad shape and was 175 centimeters long and weighed only 34 kilos. He was in hospital and received a letter from someone with the same last name, which was his cousin. The letter stated that his sister had survived and was in Sweden. He came to Sweden in December 1950.”
The Holocaust – Khan Academy
UR Samtiden – Emerich Roth – vägen ut (2012)
SVD: ”Flera överlevande är väldigt oroade i dag” ( 2020-01-27)
SVD: ”SD-medlemmar behöver en avhopparverksamhet” ( 2020-01-26)
Today is it 30 years since the fall. Do you appreciate your freedom?
PainterThierry Noir. Photo licens: Kilometer Kunst Bethaniendamm, Berlin Kreuzberg, 1986. Author de:Benutzer:Noir. https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Thierry-Noir-Bethaniendamm04.jpg
“Thierry Noir is a French artist who is claimed to be the first street artist to paint the Berlin Wall. His brightly colored paintings, which often feature cartoon-like profiles, are now considered iconic and can still be seen on the East Side Gallery. He currently lives and works in Berlin, Germany.. In April 1984, Noir and Christophe-Emmanuel Bouchet started to paint the Berlin Wall, eventually painting 1 kilometre of it. Initially, the attitude of West Berliners to Noir’s work was wary, often even hostile. Some believed that he was working for budget money and were against such spending of money from his taxes. Others believed that Tieri’s task was to make a more “presentable” wall, which they could not agree with.”
What is the cultural legacy of the fall of the Wall?
The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer, pronounced [bɛʁˈliːnɐ ˈmaʊ̯ɐ] (About this soundlisten)) was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Construction of the Wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) on 13 August 1961. …For many years after reunification, people in Germany talked about cultural differences between East and West Germans (colloquially Ossis and Wessis), sometimes described as Mauer im Kopf (The wall in the head). A September 2004 poll found that 25 percent of West Germans and 12 percent of East Germans wished that East and West should be separated again by a “Wall”. (Wikipedia Berlin Wall)
The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 would send out new shock waves as a start to globalization later with the new media corporations succeeding military colonization. During the 1980s, transnational companies mainly expanded from the United States, which went hand in hand with the spread of neoliberalism (Fulcher & Scott 2011: 383).
Exhibition at the National Museum Stockholm: 1989 – culture and politics
“This fall’s exhibition at the National Museum revolves around one of history’s most dramatic moments, the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.… The exhibition includes documentary photos, portraits, posters, video and design by artists, photographers and designers such as Richard Avedon, Ron Arad, Cecilia Edefalk, Nan Goldin, Willliam Kentridge, Barbara Kruger, Boris Mikhailov, Tracey Moffatt, Ingrid Orfali, Ingegerd Råman, Philippe Starck, Lars Tunbjörk, Pia Wallén and Andres Serrano. … The political upheavals in Eastern Europe continued during the following years. Free elections were held in a number of countries, the two German states reunited on October 3, 1990, and the Soviet Union disbanded at the end of 1991. In Yugoslavia, the development following the collapse of communism led to a protracted war. ”
In a radio program “Europapodden” about the fall of the wall the question arises if many does not appreciate their freedom in Germany? The middle of the politic parties has been weakened? Many people are not longer feeling they are represented by the establishment?
Många uppskattar inte sin frihet (SR 5 Nov 2019) https://sverigesradio.se/sida/avsnitt/1388164?programid=4941
European policy is being pushed further and further towards the outer edges as professor Stefan Hedlund writes? Is it a choice between the neoliberalism and the nationalism? ”Europeisk politik drivs allt längre ut mot ytterkanterna” (2017 SVD)
Another artist who invites spectators on the changes in postwar Berlin is Shimon Natti, who creates works in his series “Writings on the wall” (1991-2) through video projection of old archival photos with motifs of dynamic Jewish folk life before the Holocaust that Nattie projects to the downtrodden. buildings in the old Jewish Quarter as a juxtaposition. Many parts of Berlin are still abandoned since the war when large parts were bombed. Here are reactions from the non-Jewish residents who feel that they are accused either of being profiteers of the extermination of the Jews or of being accused of being Jews themselves, which perhaps shows that this has not changed much?
(Kalb 2013: 150).
Artist Shimon Natti projekt page
Human Right Watch: Germans Reflect on 30 Years Since Fall of Berlin Wall
“The debates this week also show that Germany still faces many human rights problems. Human Rights Watch’s annual review lists attacks on migrants, xenophobia, and anti-semitism among such concerns. Yet unity means Germans, wherever they live, have for 30 years been able to rely on state institutions, built on the rule of law, to tackle such problems. That is an achievement – and one worth celebrating.” https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/11/04/germans-reflect-30-years-fall-berlin-wall
///// Sources and more art history reading about the Berlin Wall:
Kalb R. Peter (2013), Art since 1980: Charting the contemporary, Laurence King Publishing:
Fulcher James & John Scott (2011), Sociology, Oxford University Press: Oxford
List of Berlin Wall Segments (art works)
Piece of Berlin Wall, a gift of Germany, unveiled at UN garden (2002)
Många uppskattar inte sin frihet (5 Nov 2019)
Art history must be rewritten? When does the Swedish state build a Hilma Af Klints museum in Sweden?
Artist: Hilma Af Klint 1862 – 1944. Exhibition at Millesgården.
The new brilliant film about the artist: BEYOND THE VISIBLE – HILMA AF KLINT – Trailer
Now exhibition at Millesgården 5 OCT 2019 – 9 FEB 2020:
PAINTING AND SPIRITUALITY HILMA AF KLINT – TYRA KLEEN – LUCIE LAGERBIELKE
“What Kandinsky did not know is that a Swedish painter by the name of Hilma af Klint had created her first abstract painting in her Stockholm studio in 1906”
Or, did Kandinsky know about Hilmas paintings? The film proposes that it might be possible by Rudolf Steiner’s photos of her paintings?
“In 1906, after 20 years of artistic works, and at the age of 44, Hilma af Klint painted her first series of abstract paintings. ”
“The Stonewall riots (also referred to as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall rebellion) were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay (LGBT) community[note 1] against a police raid that began in the early morning hours of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. They are widely considered to constitute the most important event leading to the gay liberation movement and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United States. …The events that took place at the Stonewall Inn led to the first gay pride parades in the United States and in many other countries. On June 28, 1970, a march was led from Greenwich Village to the Sheep Meadow in Central Park”
About the artwork on the spot The Gay Liberation Monument (1992) is a monument with a statue of Gay Liberation by the artist George Segal (1924 – 2000). The park with the monument is located in the Greenwich Village area of New York. Segal’s monument is within the nationally registered Stonewall National Monument which includes Christopher Street and Christopher Park opposite the Stonewall Inn which was the bar where the rebellion began. The uprising was about the police raiding raids against gay bars to get bribes on scattering permits
There are four figures representing a pair of men and a couple of women. The sculptures have a white surface similar to plaster. Couple of women sitting on a bench and couple of men standing up. Both couples hold each other together in a tender and close relationship. Shows an everyday scene.
The sculptures are made of bronze and white-lacquered. They were plaster casts of people They were cast already in 1980 but were not allowed to be the first in New York. Only in 1992 were they moved to New York and were inaugurated as part of the monument. Inscription: GAY LIBERATION / BY / GEORGE SEGAL / BRONZE CAST – 1980 / DEDICATED – 1992 / — / GIFT OF THE MILDRED ANDREWS FUND / TO THE CITY OF NEW YORK /
Segal figures tell of a scene that looks like everyday life played on a quiet day in the park as in a tableaux scene. The white color gives a kind of spooky and melancholy expression and they have some kind of anonymity. There is criticism of the choice of artist because George Segal is heterosexual and not LGBT.
How can this work broaden the discourse on memory and history?
Are they excessive stereotypes like the artist’s Kara Walker? The monument is called Gay Liberation, which associates Stonewall with the gay fight for rights to be publicly visible and protected with the same rights in society. During this time in the 80s and early 90s, transgender people were not integrated into the LGBT movement which was only talked about as Gay & Lesbian. The four figures are white and look like middle class.
Stonewall rebellion led by the people most harassed by the police; the colored transgender people at the bar. The two most famous were the black transgender Marsha P. Jonsson 25 years who performed there at the bar as a drag artist and the Puerto Rican transgender Silvia Rivera 17 years. Marscha who were the first to attack a police car at the bar would later be murdered in 1992 (Wikipedia, Marsha P. Johnson). But in 1973, Silvia had spoken in Washington Square Parc where she accused the gay movement of being racist, excluded and transphobic (Wikipedia, Sylvia Rivera). Everyday life for transgender people was full of violence, abuse, police brutality, prison and poverty shown in the documentary Major! (2014).
But immediately after the uprising, transgender people of the larger minority homosexuals were not accepted at demonstrations, but they had to wait until the year 2000 to be accepted in the LGBT narrative. Instead, the myth of the homosexuals created that they themselves led the Stonewall uprising. It is this memory and historiography that Segal uses in the same way as the artist Eleanor Antin’s mother’s memory of Vilnius; romanticized, embellished and fictitious.
Here it turns out how complex our personal memories work. Interactive memory that is socialized with others and influences how our history writing is constructed at different levels both through selection and mythology. Some stereotypes are created to create our new visions of society and other people who have contributed to art, philosophy and culture may be omitted entirely for creating the new visions? Much like when a perched stone statue of an unwanted female pharaoh is sentenced to oblivion? We can all lack memory pictures we have never had? A sense of emptiness that is greater than the rational? Over time, can we all learn to coexist?
Kalb R. Peter (2013), Art since 1980: Charting the contemporary, Laurence King Publishing:London.
Gay Liberation Monument
[Accessed 28/06/19]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gay_Liberation_Monument